Diabetes is nothing but a metabolic disease .Due to this disorder, the metabolic chemical reactions are not carried properly in the body, which means, the energy conversion in the body doesn’t occur properly. diabetes disorder doesn’t produce insulin hormone in the body which is essential in converting glucose (sugar), carbohydrates, lipids, proteins into energy .The insulin hormone is used to maintain the blood sugar level in the body at required range but to diabetes disorder, the blood sugar level will not be in this particular range (70 mg/dl -110 mg/dl). Diabetes mellitus is categorized into two main types: • Type 1 diabetes • Type 2 diabetes Type1 and Type 2 diabetes causes severe impact on individual life. Due to these disorders, the break down of protein and fat into energy were carried out and the glucose breakdown is not carried due to non-production of insulin hormone. Due to only conversion fat and proteins into energy, symptoms like ployuria, polyphegia, and polydipsia and massive weight loss will be caused. In Type 1, Type2 diabetes, they are two types of blood levels. They are hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. If the blood sugar level is less than 70mg/dl, then it is called as hypoglycemia and if the blood glucose more than 110mg/dl, then it is called as hyperglycemia. Type-1 diabetes symptoms: • Nausea • Vomiting • Pancreas infection • fast weight loss due to breakdown of muscle tissue • Ketoacidosis. Type-2 diabetes symptoms: • Polydipsia • Polyuria • Blurry vision • Weight fluctuations • Poor wound healing • Polydipsia • Fatigue increase Effects of diabetes: • overweight • End-stage renal disease • Cardiovascular problem • Neuropathy • Kidney failure • Gangrene • Amputations • Increased fatigue • Weak immune system Diabetes treatment: Diabetes can be prevented before its occurrence. But after its occurrence it cannot be cured completely. Diabetes can be controlled effectively by the daily usage of insulin drugs. Diabetes prevention can be carried out following these steps: • Take less calories and burn more calories • Take protein diet food • Stop alcohols and drugs • Maintain balance weight • Perform physical exercise • Avoid taking fat content foods • Avoid beverages which contain high sugar kevels. • Take calorie deficit foods like fruits and vegetables. Taking insulin and oral medication: Insulin drug helps in maintaining glucose level in the blood.Type-2 diabetes can be treated effectively by using insulin. Insulin cannot be taken in pills form, which is not so effective, as it is altered later by the liver cells .Insulin must be taken directly by insulin syringe or pump. For type2-diabets both oral and insulin medication is necessary for its treatment. Planning proper diet plan: plan a proper diet plan which contains no fat-foods, sugars, beverages and junk-foods. These foods contain more fat content which causes to gain more weight with less metabolic rate. Body with more weight can cause diabetes. So, plan for nutrition content foods which play a crucial role in preventing diabetes. As our body responds quickly to diet controlled nutrition content foods, which will be easy to burn out the fat in less time. So changing to the proper food diet will really helps in preventing diabetes. Generally our body requires more energy to break down the complex molecules of carbohydrates and proteins to use them. So for the digestion purpose of these nutrients, our body burns out more calories which in turn decrease the weight with increase in metabolism rate and prevent diabetes from occurrence. Physical activities: exercises like walking, Aerobic exercises, skipping, jumping, cycling, weight lifting exercise, swimming and sit-ups plays an important role in preventing diabetes effectively. By doing some regular activities, the body basal rate increases with decreasing weight loss. This condition in the body prevents diabetes from occurrence. Avoiding alcohols/smoking: Avoiding alcohols/smoking will helpful in preventing Diabetes. Don’t use un-prescribed medical drugs which may cause several side effects. Prevention of diabetes helps us to recover from health problems like Overweight, End-stage renal disease, cardiovascular problem, Neuropathy, Kidney failure, Gangrene, Amputations, Increased fatigue and Weak immune system. By planning proper diet and physical exercises will help us to prevent diabetes from occurrence.